Sports and exercise have become a routine practice among both sexes. Exercise is necessary for a healthy and fulfilling lifestyle, which is a primary goal for most people. However, in every field, there is an excess, which leads to overtraining among athletes.
Overtraining is defined as an imbalance between exercise and rest, occurring when athletes are subjected to an intensive training load without adequate rest and recovery. In addition to the physical effects, the overtraining syndrome manifests in simultaneous negative changes in the athlete’s psychosocial environment. Hence, repeated physical exercises stimulate the metabolism and improve physical performance; yet long-lasting exercises may result in overtraining, with decreased performance and disturbances in organ functions.